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2022河南专升本公共英语短文改错满分攻略!(下)

  2022-03-23 11:00 来源:小医
上篇给大家带来了短文改错解题思路和检查原则及相关注意事项,点击查看:2022河南专升本公共英语短文改错满分攻略!(上)继续给大家带来出题规律及破解关键!


出题规律及破解关键




专升本英语短文改错一般会在以下几个方面进行设题。


1. 动词:主要考查时态、主谓一致和固定搭配。例如:     

①时态混用

Then the trouble started. We can’t open the door. So we asked the policeman for help.

(很显然此段的主时态是一般过去式,因此应把can’t改为couldn’t。)

      

②主谓不一致

There were a football game on TV last Saturday evening.

(a football game决定了谓语动词用单数,故应该把were改为was。)       

③固定搭配      

He had little money left, so he had to give up buy the computer.   

(give up doing sth.是固定用法,故动词buy应该改为buying。)


2. 名词:主要考查单复数混用。例如:     

Helen is seventeen year old. She is very busy.

(表示“年龄多大了”应该为复数形式,故应把year改为years。)


3. 形容词/副词:主要考查两者之间是否混用。例如: 

①副词代替正确形容词

During the football season, Helen is much busier than usually.

(很明显是“与平时相比较更忙”,因此需要把usually改为usual。)       

②形容词代替正确副词

As the time clock showed one minute and forty-two seconds left in the game, she began cheering excited, “Come on — get going!”

(显然应把excited改为excitedly,用来修饰动词cheer。)


4. 介词:主要考查固定搭配,特别是动词和介词的搭配。例如:

①介词遗漏

I’m sure you will get rid the sorrow and unhappiness caused by the disaster.

(get rid of 是固定搭配,意为“摆脱,除去”。)    

②介词多余

My wife is also happy because of I have given up smoking.

(这里显然是区分because of与because的用法。前者不能接句子,而后者充当连词可以接句子,故应该把of去掉。)      

③介词错用(一般为固定搭配)

I pick out her false hair and said, “Don’t be sad, Miss.”

(pick out改为pick up。pick out挑选;pick up捡起。)


 5. 连词:主要考查句子之间的逻辑关系。常考的三种关系主要是:转折 (but)、并列(and)和因果(because)。例如:       

One day, my wife and I went shopping at a store. We drove the car but we had a lot of things to buy.

(显然,句意为“我们开车去的原因是因为我们要买很多东西”,所以应该把but改为because / as / for。)


6. 句式:主要考查that与what或which / how与what之间的转换。这是短文改错的常考点。例如:      

 She never has enough time for that she wants to do.

(句意为:她没有足够多的时间来做自己想做的事情。很明显应该把that改为what。)


7. 冠词:主要考查冠词是否多余或遗漏。例如:

 ①冠词多余

So I went to sell newspapers after the school.

(“放学后”应该用after school表示,故此处定冠词多余,应去掉the。)      

②冠词遗漏

As we all left home at early age, we met lots of problems in our daily life.

(at an early age表示“很小的时候”,故early前应加不定冠词。)


8.代词:主要考查代词是否多余或遗漏,以及代词之间的混用。例如:

 ①代词多余

Don’t lose your heart if you fail in the exam.

(lose heart表示“泄气,丧失勇气”,而lose one’s heart to sb. / sth.表示“爱上,钟情于……”。根据语境,此处很明显是指“别泄气”,故应该把your去掉。)      

 ②代词遗漏

A teacher could make classes lively and interesting.

(应该在classes前加his,表示“使他的课堂生动有趣”。)   

 ③代词混用

We were living in a big family. We treated each other as brothers and sisters. If any one of them had any difficulty, the other would help him or her out.

(根据句意“我们生活在一个大家庭之中,彼此间相处如同兄弟姐妹。如果我们之中谁有困难,其他人就会帮助他/她解决困难”,所以应把them改为us,把other改为others。)


决胜考试,逆风翻盘!抓住全日制升本的最后机会!

2022河南专升本公共英语短文改错满分攻略!(下)

来源: 好大夫教育 时间:2022-03-23 11:00
上篇给大家带来了短文改错解题思路和检查原则及相关注意事项,点击查看:2022河南专升本公共英语短文改错满分攻略!(上)继续给大家带来出题规律及破解关键!


出题规律及破解关键




专升本英语短文改错一般会在以下几个方面进行设题。


1. 动词:主要考查时态、主谓一致和固定搭配。例如:     

①时态混用

Then the trouble started. We can’t open the door. So we asked the policeman for help.

(很显然此段的主时态是一般过去式,因此应把can’t改为couldn’t。)

      

②主谓不一致

There were a football game on TV last Saturday evening.

(a football game决定了谓语动词用单数,故应该把were改为was。)       

③固定搭配      

He had little money left, so he had to give up buy the computer.   

(give up doing sth.是固定用法,故动词buy应该改为buying。)


2. 名词:主要考查单复数混用。例如:     

Helen is seventeen year old. She is very busy.

(表示“年龄多大了”应该为复数形式,故应把year改为years。)


3. 形容词/副词:主要考查两者之间是否混用。例如: 

①副词代替正确形容词

During the football season, Helen is much busier than usually.

(很明显是“与平时相比较更忙”,因此需要把usually改为usual。)       

②形容词代替正确副词

As the time clock showed one minute and forty-two seconds left in the game, she began cheering excited, “Come on — get going!”

(显然应把excited改为excitedly,用来修饰动词cheer。)


4. 介词:主要考查固定搭配,特别是动词和介词的搭配。例如:

①介词遗漏

I’m sure you will get rid the sorrow and unhappiness caused by the disaster.

(get rid of 是固定搭配,意为“摆脱,除去”。)    

②介词多余

My wife is also happy because of I have given up smoking.

(这里显然是区分because of与because的用法。前者不能接句子,而后者充当连词可以接句子,故应该把of去掉。)      

③介词错用(一般为固定搭配)

I pick out her false hair and said, “Don’t be sad, Miss.”

(pick out改为pick up。pick out挑选;pick up捡起。)


 5. 连词:主要考查句子之间的逻辑关系。常考的三种关系主要是:转折 (but)、并列(and)和因果(because)。例如:       

One day, my wife and I went shopping at a store. We drove the car but we had a lot of things to buy.

(显然,句意为“我们开车去的原因是因为我们要买很多东西”,所以应该把but改为because / as / for。)


6. 句式:主要考查that与what或which / how与what之间的转换。这是短文改错的常考点。例如:      

 She never has enough time for that she wants to do.

(句意为:她没有足够多的时间来做自己想做的事情。很明显应该把that改为what。)


7. 冠词:主要考查冠词是否多余或遗漏。例如:

 ①冠词多余

So I went to sell newspapers after the school.

(“放学后”应该用after school表示,故此处定冠词多余,应去掉the。)      

②冠词遗漏

As we all left home at early age, we met lots of problems in our daily life.

(at an early age表示“很小的时候”,故early前应加不定冠词。)


8.代词:主要考查代词是否多余或遗漏,以及代词之间的混用。例如:

 ①代词多余

Don’t lose your heart if you fail in the exam.

(lose heart表示“泄气,丧失勇气”,而lose one’s heart to sb. / sth.表示“爱上,钟情于……”。根据语境,此处很明显是指“别泄气”,故应该把your去掉。)      

 ②代词遗漏

A teacher could make classes lively and interesting.

(应该在classes前加his,表示“使他的课堂生动有趣”。)   

 ③代词混用

We were living in a big family. We treated each other as brothers and sisters. If any one of them had any difficulty, the other would help him or her out.

(根据句意“我们生活在一个大家庭之中,彼此间相处如同兄弟姐妹。如果我们之中谁有困难,其他人就会帮助他/她解决困难”,所以应把them改为us,把other改为others。)


决胜考试,逆风翻盘!抓住全日制升本的最后机会!

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